Air Container Specifications
Air Freight Pallets are designed for use with conveyor systems in terminals and in aircraft, the low-profile flat pallet (also referred to as a Flat Rack) is equipped with fittings for securing the pallet firmly to the aircraft deck.
Freight is normally secured to the pallet by nets, tightened over the freight by application of tensioned straps.
Pallets are often covered with contoured semi-structural covers called "igloos," "hulahuts," or "cocoons" to provide protection and keep cargo within safe dimensions for loading in aircraft. Igloos may be attached to the pallet by cargo nets that are placed over the exterior, or the igloo may be permanently attached to the pallet.
Dimensions and cubes will vary slightly. Common sizes and capacities of pallets are:
Developed in standard sized to facilitate establishment of uniform shipping rates, they are used to consolidate shipments.
Available from various manufacturers, they may be purchased by the shipper or used by freight forwarders to consolidate the shipper's cargo into one easily handled piece and rated as a unit.
Constructed of metal, plastic, wood, fiberboard, or combinations of these materials, all must conform to the basic standards prescribed by the Air Transportation Association (ATA) for domestic use or the International Air Transportation Association (IATA) for international shipments.
Contoured "Boxes" - (igloo configuration) are handled and loaded aboard aircraft in the same manner as pallet-igloo combinations.
Square-sided box-type containers are normally loaded on pallet-igloo combinations by the carrier for stowage aboard the aircraft.
The following table lists standard IATA containers. Minor variations in internal dimensions and cube will occur due to the differences in construction techniques and materials used. All dimensions are in inches.
Lower deck containers are used in the lower deck cargo spaces of high-capacity aircraft. They are fully structured and completely enclosed.
Freight is loaded into the container which may be equipped with shelves for accommodation of small of irregularly shaped cargo.
The container doors, metal or fabric (or a combination), are closed, sealed and locked.
Containers are locked directly into the aircraft restraint systems without need for nets or tiedowns.
Ocean Container Specifications